Sandō komainu un-gyō 参道狛犬 吽形
Seimei Jinja / Kyoto

It is a lion-dog which appears at the entrance of shinto shrine or buddhism temple in japan, in charge to ward off evil spirits and guardian of the sanctuary/temple
Generally they go per couple, rarely by one,
sandō: meaning outside of the temple un-gyō: closed mouth (at the opposite of the ones with mouth opened agyō 阿形)
this one has the particularity to have a horn on his head and can be defined as a Kaichi 獬豸
located to the SEIMEI jinja in Kyoto